Mohammad Hashim Kamali

Mohammad Hashim Kamali

Professor Mohammad Hashim Kamali is founding CEO of the International Institute of Advanced Islamic Studies (IAIS) Malaysia.

Sunday, 18 October 2009 11:42

Maqasid Shari'ah

penThis paper explains the doctrine of the objectives of the shari'ah, inclusive of its origins, classification and identification of the objectives, the historical development of the doctrine, different approaches utilised in its application, and its relevance to Ijtihad .... Download the full article in pdf attachment (below)
Sunday, 18 October 2009 11:36

Islam, Science, and Rationality

universeThe debate over the compatibility of Islam and science still continues to invoke responses from basically two opposite camps: those who reject outright the prospect and feasibility of a compromise between religion and science, and those who see a compromise not only reasonable but necessary if an equilibrium of values were to be kept into perspective. While identifying the basic points of tension between these two positions, this essay attempts to provide a survey and analysis of basic Qur'anic evidence on relevant issues. An attempt is also made to present a round up of modern opinion in Muslim scholarly circles on the various aspects of the debate. The basic hypothesis maintained here is the Qur'anic epistemology is inclusive not only of traditional knowledge but also of scientific knowledge.... Download the full article in pdf attachment (below)
Monday, 19 October 2009 11:26

Of God's many names and the use of 'Allah'

Allah‘Allah’ is the Arabic equivalent of ‘God’. And the two words have been used synonymously by all people throughout the history of religion, but there are distinct conditions on its use. Of the 99 beautiful names of God (al-asma' al-husna), three, namely "Allah", "al-Rahman" and "al-Rahim", are most favoured. This is known by all 114 suras of the Quran, except for one, beginning with the typical Islamic phrase, the tasmiyah: Bismillah al-Rahman al-Rahim ("In the name of God, the most compassionate, the most merciful"), a phrase that includes all the three chosen names of God .... Download the full article in pdf attachment (below)
hududThis article proposes a substantive revision of the established meaning of hudud, utilising a scriptural as opposed to a juristic approach. The article notes that hudud in the Qur’an signifies limits on behaviour set by God Most High, rather than punishments. This latter meaning is of a later, juristic origin. Hadd is an offence for which punishment is specified in the Qur’an or in authentic Hadith. The Qur’an specifies four such offences: adultery, theft, slanderous accusation and highway robbery. Some jurists later added wine drinking and apostasy, while still others added mutiny or rebellion against ruling authority. Professor Kamali argues that repentance and forgiveness should be incorporated into the revised understanding of hudud, as the Qur’an places a strong emphasis on compassion and leniency, something that has not been reflected in the fiqh tradition.... Download the full article in pdf attachment (below)
Sunday, 18 October 2009 07:55

Shari'ah Perspective on Halal and Haram

halalThe Halal industry is still in its early stages of development, and efforts to chart the way forward in compliance with Islamic principles are desirable and necessary. As with Islamic banking in the early years, this industry has also been largely driven by markets demands and realities. It would advisable to enrich the achievements of the Halal industry with research efforts that advance a better understanding of Islamic principles and the scientific knowledge relevant to our concerns. This article begins with a review of evidence in the Qur'an and Hadith on the Halal and mubah, and then proceeds to address the Haram.... Download the full article in pdf attachments part 1, 2 and 3 (below)
legalThis essay introduces the legal maxims of fiqh as a distinctive genre of fiqh literature side by side with three other related areas of development, namely al-dawabit (rules controlling specific themes), al-furuq (distinctions and contrasts), and al-naariyyat al-fiqhiyya (general theories of fiqh). Developed at a later stage, these genres of fiqh literature seek, on the whole, to consolidate the vast and sometimes unmanageable juris corpus of fiqh into brief theoretical statements. They provide concise entries into their respective themes that help to facilitate the task of both the students and practioners of Islamic law. Legal maxims are on the whole inter-scholastic, and disagreement among the legal schools is negligible on them. Legal maxims also closely relate to the maqasid, and provide useful insights into the goals and purposes of Sharia (maqasid al-sharia), so much so that some authors have subsumed them under the maqasid. Yet, for reasons that will presently be explained, legal maxims represent a late development in the history of Islamic jurisprudence ... Download the full article in pdf attachment (below)
Tuesday, 20 October 2009 16:47

Article on Kartika

karticaKartika Sari Dewi Shukarno’s show of remorse has the public calling for the suspension of the caning sentence. MOHAMMAD HASHIM KAMALI examines the reasoning, or the lack thereof, behind the Kuantan syariah court judgment HOW does the Kartika Sari Dewi Shukarno case fare from our reading of the sources of Islam? Some aspects of the case that call for reflection are ... Download the full article in pdf attachment (below)
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